In these region, in the middle of Latin, Slavic and German areas, located between the Republic of Venice and the Habsburg Empire, there are remarkable remains of the Jewish communities, mainly of Ashkenazi origin.
In the 19th century the community of Trieste was the most important Jewish centre in Eastern Italy, and it has been significant for the economical and cultural development of the city. Some members of the community were considered to be the most illuminated intellectuals of that period, and others founded the first insurance companies, such as Generali.
In the period between years 1921 and 1941, Trieste offered assistance to thousands of Jews coming from Eastern and Central Europe sailing to Israel, and for this reason was dubbed “Gateway to Zion”. Trieste is linked to the sad years of the racial persecutions, as it hosted the only extermination camp in Italy.
Gorizia, the city divided between Italy and Slovenia, and melting point of the two cultures, had a restricted Jewish community since the 16th century. The peculiarity of the Community of Gorizia is that the Jewish cemetery has always been outside the Italian borders, as it was first under the Austrian domain which conquered this area (which became Italian just after 1914), and after the second World War the cemetery entered the Slovenian territory, the present Rožna Dolina.
Cividale del Friuli, the seat of the first Longobard duchy in Italy, is a nice city along the river Natisone. The Jewish presence in this area between 12th and 17th centuries is proved by documents, but unfortunately today there are no monumental signs, except or some gravestones, which are preserved in the National Archaeoligical Museum.
Key Tre will take you through centuries of Jewish history in Friuli Venezia Giulia, with pleasant enogastronomical tastings during the journey. At the historic cafè San Marco in Trieste you will enjoy a traditional Austro-Hungarian cake, while in the area of Collio Goriziano you will taste the famous wines, renowned worldwide.
DAY 1 – TRIESTE: Arrival in Trieste and transfer to the hotel. In the afternoon guided visit to the city centre, with its beautiful palaces built in different architectural styles. Dinner. Overnight in Trieste.
DAY 2 – TRIESTE: Breakfast. Guided tour of Jewish Trieste, visiting the synagogue, the museum, Risiera di San Sabba and the Jewish cemetery. During the walk stop at the historic cafè San Marco to taste one of the traditional Austro-Hungarian cakes. Lunch. In the afternoon visit to the Castle of Miramare and the incredible Giant Grotto, with a stop in a famous wine cellar of the Carso area, for a tasting of local wines.
DAY 3 – GORIZIA – CIVIDALE: Breakfast. Transfer to Gorizia for a visit to the city centre, and the nearby cemetery of Rožna Dolina in Slovenia, where the Morpurgo family and the philosopher Michelstädter were buried. Lunch in the “Collio” area with a tasting of the famous Friulian wines. Transfer to Cividale. Guided tour of the historic centre, with the area where the ghetto once stood, and the National Archaeological Museum which preserves remains of the Longobard period, and gravestones of the ancient Jewish cemetery. Transfer to Trieste. Dinner. Overnight in Trieste.
DAY 4 – DEPARTURE: Breakfast. Guided tour of the Jewish cemetery of Trieste, which contains the history of the local community, and visit to Risiera di San Sabba, the only Nazi extermination camp in Italy. Lunch. Departure. This is suggested itinerary for individuals and groups, prices are on request, please email number of people, dates and we will provide you a quote. These are very popular for synagogue groups and can be combined as a stopover on the way to/from Israel. We can also arrange a shabbat with Jewish community on request of the group.